Recent National Legislation Or Policy Efforts

Respond to at least two of your classmates postings
People in need of services often do not look for or get denied access to mental health and addiction services due to social stigmas.
Recent national legislation or policy efforts help and hurt the battle against stigmas
Legislation has the power to make things happen for the better or worse. For the affluent, where the money is of no issue, mental instability and illness and action and substance abuse are viewed more acceptable and treated because affordability is not a factor. In the poor and working-class cases, insurances either do not cover services or cause obstacles in employment schedules, discrimination from employers, or a loss of wages to attend services that may be free or little to no cost. According to Stuart (2016), in 1990, half of the leading causes of disability were mental illness globally and much-needed insurance. Many of the faces that account for the population do not have or cannot afford insurance. Many also face being ineligible for federal or state-funded programs like Medicaid.
Future from a national policy perspective to reduce Stigmas
Writing into law acknowledgments such as the 21st Century Cures Act of 2016 addresses accountability and the necessity to coordinate behavioral health dis s at the federal level (SAMSA, 2020). Mental health and substance abuse need a big push because it is a big issue. The catch is all the writing in the world solves nothing unless action is taken. Attitude and approach shape how the public arena views many developments, including the care of populations affected by mental illness, addiction, and disabilities. Suppose the government shows a caring perspective and expresses concern with statistical evidence-based data to back them. In that case, a societal view changes to aid in the problem instead of ignoring or minimalizing the issue(s) at bay. These issues or contributors must be broken down from cultures and the key roles that create or promote rising numbers or mental and substance abuse problems. By solving the core culprits, a more considerable impact is made to better open funding and attention to going more in-depth to eradicate ideally social problems swept under the rugs. (Stuart, 2016).
Ensuring people needing services for mental illness and substance abuse have access to these services as a Human Services Professional
As a Social Services Worker in Medicaid and Medicare, mental health and substance abuse programs are included in benefits. A problem, however, stays in that not everyone is eligible. For instance, with the newer Heritage Health Adult Program (HHA) in Nebraska in October 2020, people age 19-64 must still meet low-income guidelines or be found medically frail by a physician. The income must not exceed 17k per individual; a meek wage is $9.00 here in the Midwest state, and rural areas offer less pay than waitressing, yet the wage exceeds income standards. Although this pilot was voted upon and won, it does mean a victory for all. Simultaneously, improvements to better the frail can show how such movement better productivity and overall well-being in homes and communities, leading the government to move most times.
Care plans to be improvised for clients with mental health and substance abuse problems
A stable home and income are crucial for those lacking mental health competency and struggling with addictions. Afflicted populations are faced with higher dysfunction due to the issues which snowball each other in the home and workplace. Employment needs to offer flexibility instead of reprimand. Step by step programs with continual resources for supporting such sponsors and groups for support is critical. Whether people deem substance abuse and mental illness a disease or a decision, the condition must be confronted and cared for with a sense of dignity.
Stuart, H. (2016). Reducing the stigma of mental illness. Global Mental Health, 3, e17.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2020). Laws and Regulations. Retrieved from
How have recent national legislation or policy efforts helped or hurt the battle against these stigmas?
The first big issue with this topic is the constant separation of mental illness and substance abuse dis s. When looking at the ICD-10 or DSM 5 codes these two are grouped in the same category. This is the same as having anxiety, depression, or PTSD. They are all mental illnesses someone can be diagnosed with but substance abuse is always singled out which that in of itself creates the stigma that people with addictions should not be treated the same as other mental health issues. National policies have been created to protect those you are diagnosed with mental illnesses but they end up hurting them and tearing apart families. Yes, there are many programs or government funding assistance that someone can apply for but sadly if they apply it creates a red flag that they are unfit or a trouble maker. The articleStigma as related to Mental Dis sstates persons who disclose a history of mental dis often cannot receive or renew a drivers license, vote or serve on a jury, hold office, or maintain custody of their children (Hinshaw & Stier, 2008 p. 383). How can legislation create programs or policies to help people but take away their drivers license or right to vote, people should not have to choose between assistance and ability to drive.
What can be done in the future from a national policy perspective to reduce these stigmas?
The biggest way for national policy to be affective and create change is education. There is a severe lack of knowledge and understand on all mental illnesses. I cannot count the number of movies or television shows that portray someone with an addiction as abusive or homeless. Do not get me wrong there are situation such as that but as a substance abuse counselor my clients were your childs kindergarten teacher, primary care physician, lawyer, next door neighbor. Mental illness can affect anyone and everyone they do not discriminate just because you have lots of money or came from a bad family. I believe this is where things need to start, by educating legislators on the true needs and fears of those with mental illnesses the real help can start.
As a human services provider what could you do to ensure people needing services for mental illness and substance abuse had access to these services?
As a human services provider my job is to advocate and again educate the public. The stereotypes and stigmas that have circulated society for hundreds of years have to be changed and that will only happen by having hard discussions. When local politicians are speaking about allocating money to programs we should talk about the issues our clients face and attempt to convince those politicians the money or aid should go to them.
What unique needs do you believe these clients would have that you would consider as you plan services for them?
This population can have a long list of needs and the immediate thoughts are housing, food, clothes but what about the little things. There are many people who do not have the means to buy feminine hygiene products, dentures, and glasses. It is important that we do not forget the little things and move on once the main needs are met.
Hinshaw, S. P., & Stier, A. (2008). Stigma as related to mental dis s.Annu. Rev. Clin. Psychol.,4, 367-393.
Guided Response:Review several of your classmates posts, and respond to at least two. Compare the answers of your classmates to yours. Notice any similarities and differences to teaching adult vs K-12. You might choose to respond to one person who is writing about the adult content and one who is writing about the K-12 context.
Children or Students in a K-12 Learning Context
Identifyhow this teacher promotes comprehensible input.
The teacher promotes comprehensible input through songs, sight words, body movement, andvisuals.
Explain some of the complications of teaching ELLs that are presented by this teacher.
The teacherstatedhow it was easier to motivate the elementary students verses the high school or older students. She alsostatedthatparental involvement was higher with elementary level students. She mentioned how learning this language wasa survival mechanism and that most students had to be advocates for their families.
What ideas would you have for a teacher to overcome those challenges, based on what we have been learning?
Some ideas that I would have for any teacher to overcome challenges is to research the cultural background, find outwhat makes them happy/sad. What are some things they are accustomto?Also, to know your students, know what they will/will not do and understand why things happen. Familiarize yourself with different languages.
Infer some cultural challenges that teachers should be aware of.
Some culture challenges that teachers should be awareof is knowing the culture background of each student, it will help you to understand why things happen or the behavior of the student.
How can this beimpactedby Culture Shock?
This can be impacted by culture shock because being in an unfamiliar settingcauses an individual to be stressed and have anxiety. An individual has already learned something one way now they have to re-learnit inthe current culture.Itcreates a lot of frustration having to re-do things that you already know, especiallyfor those individuals that have difficulty learning the English language.
Distinguish the strategies this teacher recommends.
The strategy this teacher uses incorporates more parental involvement and encourages the parents to continue using the firstlanguage at home, so the students will have access to both languages.
After listening to the teacher, outline strategies you would recommend.
I would recommend anything that isbeneficialto the students success. If that means more trainings and researchingdifferentcultures,then that is what I recommend. Learn how they do things, this way you can better relate to thestudent.
Infer and describe how this teacher utilizes BICS, CALP, comprehensible input, silent period, languageproficiency, total physical response, assessment, affective filter, scaffolding/differentiation.
The teacherdemonstratesteacher modeling which lets the student see exactly what it is that they aresupposed tobe doing. Writing persuasive letters and providing the student with anchor charts. Thestudentscanwork in groups and engage in story mapping and idioms are also beingutilize.
Allen, T. [Taylor Allen]. (2014, February 4).[Video file]. Retrieved from
Identify how this teacher promotes comprehensible input.
The teacher uses several tools to promote comprehensible input like the use of chants, visuals, song and dance, sight words, and vocabulary tier 2-word practice, as well as writing.
Explain some of the complications of teaching ELLs that are presented by this teacher.
Some challenges that I found the teacher speaking about is getting the older children to be more involved and engaged with the lessons and activities, as they are harder to motivate. Another challenge for the older groups was that the parent involvement is lower, and this hinders the childs willingness and ability to learn because the parents are not active in their childs academics.
What ideas would you have for a teacher to overcome those challenges, based on what we have been learning?
One idea is that I would first ask the parents to come in for a parent-teacher conference. I would then explain the importance of their involvement in the classroom and their childs education and how research tells us that children whose parents are actively involved do better in school. I would ask them what I could do to help them become more comfortable and become more involved. I would then ask the parents to come into the classroom while the students were there and speak to the class about their culture and things that are important to them. When we give the parents the opportunity to teach us about their culture, this helps the parents, and their children feel that they are a welcomed member of the community and that their culture matters.
To help with the motivation of the older students, I think that the first thing a teacher can do is to build strong and positive relationships with their students. Children want to please and be heard, they want to make a difference, and they want to feel loved and appreciated. When teachers show that the children have a more positive outlook on life in general which will carry over to their academics. Additionally, making the lessons, fun and enjoyable for the students will increase their motivation to learn because they are not bored and frustrated.
Some cultural challenges that teachers should be aware of.
Teachers need to make sure that they are prepared for the children who come into their classroom from different cultures. There are so many differences that we see throughout the many different cultures. Like in some cultures making eye contact is considered a rude gesture, and other cultures are much louder and social, like the Germans or Italians, whereas the Asian culture is quieter and more reserved. There are also a lot of differences between their home lives and how they live in the home. Some cultures live with many members of their family all under one roof, whereas others live within just their immediate families. All this plays into the childs ability to learn and helping them to be comfortable in the classroom.
How can this be impacted by Culture Shock?
I think that the first thing we all need to understand is that Culture Shock is a real thing. We must know what it looks like for the students to be able to help the students overcome it. Knowledge is the best way for teachers to learn about Culture Shock and how to assist the child when they enter their classroom. Another thing that can be impacted by culture shock is the relationship that the teacher has with the parents. The parents are also going to struggle with some sort of culture shock and knowing that the teachers can be a little more sensitive when speaking with the families, they can be prepared with an interpreter to help them communicate with the families and they can use visuals, etc. to help the families follow along with the discussion. If a teacher is not aware of all the challenges of culture shock, they will not be able to successfully handle the challenges when they arrive.
Distinguish the strategies this teacher recommends.
The strategy that the teacher recommended is first being aware of all the students in the classroom and their culture. Then using activities that are paired with visuals, songs, dance, chants, sight words, etc. to help the children.
After listening to the teacher, outline strategies you would recommend.
I would recommend a fun teacher family outing. Maybe a potluck at the local park by the school, or even at the school itself. This would be a great way to get to know the parents, children, and culture better, as well as get the other families and peers to get to know each other outside of school. When we help these children and families build strong relationships in the classroom and in the community, they can start to feel more comfortable and accepted in their new surroundings.
The teacher can also encourage the students to use not only English in the classroom but also their native tongue, she could have books, visuals, songs, etc. in the native language for the child to use.
Additionally, I would suggest that the teacher assess the children on day one in both their native tongue and in English. Maybe having an interpreter present for the child so that the teacher can understand more deeply the childs use of language and their understanding of it. This would help the teacher to make a better placement choice for the child. Then throughout the time in the classroom, I would suggest using different assessments on the children because we have learned that they are no one-size-fits-all tool. There are many different assessments tools that one can choose from to help bridge the gap of what the child is able to communicate and/or show off their progress.
Piper, T. (2015).Language, learning, and culture: English language learning in todays schools. Retrieved from
Allen, T. [Taylor Allen]. (2014, February 4).[Video file]. Retrieved from
Guided Response:Review several of your classmates posts, and respond to at least two. Compare your answers to your classmates answers. Notice any similarities and differences between your Mind Maps. What connections were similar to yours? What connections were different, but logical? For distinguished peer responses, respond with a minimum of five sentences that add to the conversation, and refrain from evaluative posts (i.e., You did a good job.).

Sorry about the Bubble symbol coving the assessment bubble, I could not figure out how to move it. lol
I chose to use English as a Second Language as my first bubble because that is the major topic of the vocabulary mind map. The nest three bubbles share the importance as they are what teachers need to focus on to help the English Language Learners grow academically. The Language Proficiency Level is very important to diagnose right from the beginning as this will lay the groundwork when placing the child in the appropriate setting. The Four Domains of Language is next because it is the goals that teachers are trying to have their students reach, speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Then I place Communicating Language Teaching (CLT) next because the teachers must know the approach that they are wanting to take to teach the language that emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of the lesson. Under Language Proficiency Level I listed the Affective Filter and Comprehensible Input, teachers cannot get their students to become fluent or proficient in the English language if they do not understand how the affective filter and comprehensible input work together. Under the Four Domains of Langauge, I listed the Language Objectives. Once the teacher is aware of the child’s ability to learn they will need to develop Language Objectives that are developmentally appropriate for their students. Next, you will see that I listed BICS and CALP under Communicative Language Teaching because BICS is language that is used every day and CALP is language that is used in academic settings. Finally, to tie it all together I listed Assessment because this is what the teachers need to use to find out where the student is. Once the assessment is complete the teacher should be able to determine where that child is in their academic skills and develop additional lessons to take them to the next step.

English as a second languageis my first point of contact because it is the main objective for this course. The next two headings consist oflanguage objectives(left) and thefour domains of language(right). Language objectives focuses on what the student will need to learn to accomplish their academic goal. The four domains of language are reading, writing, speaking, and listening, these are skills that help assist with learning the English language. Below language objectives iscomprehensible inputwhich is based on the information the students’ receive and how well they understand it. Next, under four domains of language there islanguage proficiency levelsthat measures how well a level is mastered. The next column(right) isRealiafocuses on everyday life skills that teachers use to help students. The next column (left) areproductiveandreceptive skills. These two skills are associated with the four domains of language that include speaking and writing that are based on output language. Reading and listening are based on the (input) it determines how well the student comprehends the information that they receive. The last column underneath Realia isBICSandCALPSwhich are the informal and formal way of communicating with others on a friend/ academic level. All these words are connected to one another because they all have to do with learning the English language.

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