Joural of Hydrology 14 (1971) 93-128; Co., AmsterdamNot to be reproduced by photoprint or microflm without written permission from the publisherSEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS IN THE CHEMISTRY OF LIMESTONE SPRINGS: A POSSIBLE MEANS FOR CHARACTERIZINGCARBONATE AQUIFERSEV AN T. SHUSTERDepartment of GeologyandWILLIAM B. WHITEDepartment of Geochemistry and Mineralogy and Materials Research Laboratory,The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, U.S.A.Abstract: The dissolved carbonate species were analyzed in the waters of 14 carbonatesprings in the Central Appalachians at 2-week intervals during water year 1967-68. Thesprings were classifed into system types and conduit feeder-systemtypes by hydrogeologic evidence. Comparison with the chemical parameters showed thatthe conduit springs were very variable in hardness throughout the year (coefcient ofvariation 10-24 %) whereas the difuse fow springs had a rather constant hardness (coefcient of variation < 5 %). The variation in hardness is a better index of aquifer type thanis hardness itself. Difuse fow springs were, on the average near saturation; the conduitsprings were undersaturated by factors of 2 to 5. were near unity for springsfed by dolomites or ; Ca/Mg ratios for limestone springs were3-8 times higher. Aquifr systems of quite diferent fow mechanics. can exist in the samehydrogeologic environment and can be distinguished by their chemical behavior.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more