Appeals to logic or reason

Argumentative Essays
ENC 1101

 
Argumentation
Takes a stand
Uses supporting evidence
Urges people to join your perspective or at least acknowledge its validity

 
Argument vs Persuasion
 

 
Argumentation
 
 
Appeals to logic or reason
 
 
Does not try to move an audience
 
 
Demonstrates that certain ideas are valid and others are not
 
 
Persuasion
 
 
Appeals to emotion
 
 
May use the reputation of the writer as an appeal
 
 

Choosing a topic
 
 

 
Something you have a stake in
 
 
Something you are willing to consider all sides on
 
 
An issue narrow enough to complete in your paper
 
 
What do you want your argument to achieve?
 
 
“The government should pay for everyone to have their own car.”
 
 

 
Thesis
 
MUST TAKE A STAND
Something that at least some people will object to
“Parents who are caught speeding should have their children taken from them”
“The main language in Brazil is Portuguese because Portugal colonized the region in the 1500’s.”
Thesis: Education is the best way to address the problem of increased drug use among teenagers.
Antithesis: Education is not the best way to address the problem of increased drug use among teenagers.
 
 

 
Evidence
 

 
Relevant
 
 
Provide examples, but do not focus too much on a single example
 
 
Representative
 
 
Represents the full range of opinions about your subject.
 
 
Education/Drugs – Should not only use teachers
 
 
Sufficient
 
 
Includes enough facts, opinions, examples to support your thesis
 
 

The Opposition

 
What is the most obvious objection to your position?
 
 
Address this position, then explain why it is unfair, unsound, or not accurate
 
 
OR you can concede admit that it is a strong argument, but maintain that the sum of your agruments outweighs it
 
 
Be objective
 
 

Deductive Reasoning
 

 
Deductive Reasoning (Major premise, minor premise, conlcusion)
 
 
All professors must have at least a masters degree
 
 
Brian is a professor
 
 
Brian has at least a masters degree
 
 
Follows logical progression
 
 
All dogs are animals
 
 
All cats are animals
 
 
Therefore, all dogs are cats
 
 

 
Inductive Reasoning
 
Decide on a question to be answered
Gather evidence that is relevant to the question
Move from your evidence to your conclusion based on inference
Question: Why was Mike late to class?
Mike lives on the second ring
Mike drives to school everyday
There was a protest on San Martin today
Mike got stuck on his way to class because of a protest.
 

 
Sample Outline

 
Introduction
 
 
What is the issue?
 
 
Thesis Statement
 
 
Body 1
 
 
Topic Sentence
 
 
Reasoning
 
 
Evidence
 
 
Body 2
 
 
Topic Sentence
 
 
Reasoning
 
 
Evidence
 
 
Body 3
 
 
Topic Sentence
 
 
Reasoning
 
 
Evidence
 
 
Body 4
 
 
Identify the most common argument against your side
 
 
Refute
 
 
Conclusion
 
 

 
Activity
 
Choose one of the following topics
Should the death penalty be abolished?
Should recreational marijuana be legal?
Should children under 12 have a cell phone?
Create a list of “for” and “against” arguments
Based on your list, which side would you argue?
What is the other side’s best argument and how would you refute it?

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code DALE